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THE BIRTWHISTLES OF CRAVEN AND GALLOWAY

 

 

                                                                                         Tony Stephens

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

Introduction………………………………………………………………………

3

The evolution of farming in Craven …………………………………………….

3

John Birtwhistle (1714-1787): Early development of the business……………...

7

John Birtwhistle (1714-1787): Later years and business interests in Galloway…

10

The second generation and the move to Galloway………………………………

13

John Vardill (1752-1811): Royal spy and Regius Professor of Divinity………..

18

Anna Jane Vardill: Birtwhistle heiress and Regency Poet………………………

33

             European Magazine and the Attic Chest……………………………….

37

             Birtwhistle vs Vardill: a celebrated inheritance dispute (1823-1841)…..

44

             Marriage and return to Galloway……………………………………….

47

             Woolwich, Reading (1830-1852)……………………………………….

49

             Carleton in Craven: the final chapter……………………………………

53

             Concluding remarks……………………………………………………..

56

             General background and sources……………………………………….

57

             Acknowledgements…………………………………………………….

58

Appendices : Selected writing of Anna Jane Vardill……………………………

58

Appendix 1: The Rights of Women 1809……………………………………….

59

Appendix 2: A Fairy’s Story 1815………………………………………………

61

Appendix 3: Lady Ann of  Pembroke in 1819………………………………….

63

Appendix 4: St Valentine’s Eve, or the Fireside Fairies, 1820………………….

68

Appendix 5: Letter in the Flaxman collection 1838 ……………………………

69

 

 

 

 

Front cover                                                    

Gatehouse in 1852 by Robert Kelly

Modern Highland cattle above Malham Cove                  

 

 

 

                                                                                          © Tony Stephens 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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